March 2020

South Dakota Housing Market Vitality



South Dakota metro area house prices are forecasted to outperform the national market. Current local conditions support an estimated 11.2% increase in the next twelve months. South Dakota’s housing market vitality, based on the three metro housing markets which comprise it, is stronger than that of the overall U.S. and currently ranks the state as fourth in the nation. Recent changes in local conditions suggest the possibility of improvement in short-term performance.

Housing Market Vitality

Housing Market Vitality summarizes the impact of economic conditions on future house prices. A value of 100 corresponds to conditions supporting current prices; values less than 100 correspond to a dampening effect; and values greater than 100 indicate a positive effect on house prices.  A housing market vitality value can be interpreted as a forecasted growth rate. Hence, a reading of 105.8 can be interpreted as a forecasted 5.8% annualized increase in house prices.

South Dakota Metro Housing Markets

South Dakota is comprised of three metro housing markets that account for nearly 47% of the state’s population. The markets are unique in their demographics and local economies and exhibit trends that are distinct from the national or state narrative. Each metro market presents its own unique opportunity.

Rapid City, SD Outperform 107
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD Underperform 347
Sioux Falls, SD Outperform 253

Industry Specialization

South Dakota’s state economy is specialized in Trade Trans Util, Construction, and Leisure Hosp. Pro Bus svcs, Manufacturing, and Information industry sectors are less important to the state economy compared to the national economy.

Industry specialization helps explain the differing impact of industry trends on local economies in contrast to industry composition which describes the structure of the economy. A Specialization Index value greater than 100 corresponds to the sector having a greater share of the state economy than it does of the national economy. Sectors with a Specialization Index greater than 120 characterize the local economy.


Compared to the U.S., there is a lower incidence of poverty amongst Mount Rushmore State residents and they have greater purchasing power. There are more high school graduates and a smaller proportion of the population is college educated. South Dakota’s population is comparatively less diverse than the overall U.S. population.

A Demographics Index value greater than 100 corresponds to the factor being more intense in the state versus the national average. Characteristics of the local population is a longer-term factor that influences the housing market.